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designed by Levent Ozruh

Levent Primitives 2_-04.jpg

Real-scale wall, 3 x 2 m

London (UK), 2022

PRIMITIVES [2] tackles with complexities of the architectural scale and explores the ways in which compositional coherence can co-exist with uniqueness through the geometries within a kit of parts.


The system offers a bottom-up alternative to the preplanned and division-oriented way of designing and building, offering a level of optionality and reconfigurability where each unique part is a whole and each whole is a part of what is yet to come.


The volumetric potential of the system allows for a vast array of uses from a limited set of pieces, creating an undefined yet functional space. The designs generated from this system therefore allows for a bottom-up assembly, one that is not predetermined, but can continuously grow and change, never fully completed and always able to adapt

Architectural design has been converging into an ever more homogenous notion of form and assembly. We are stuck at a formal simplicity that does not cherish the diversity and plurality of the world that surrounds us. The vocabulary of the current mainstream architectural language over-simplifies our cultural understanding of design into a globalized endeavor without putting it at the forefront of innovation.


Most architectural assemblies today are based on subdividing closed envelopes that create well-defined, top-down relationships between the parts and the whole, rarely allowing for growth or adaptive reuse. These parts, whether standardized or bespoke, serve the whole and have none or little individual meaning on their own. The whole, on the other hand, is only a whole in its perfect state and assembly configuration, making its visual understanding highly fragile to change and aging.

In response to this condition, we believe in the power of bottom-up, material-oriented thinking that gives new meanings to the part-whole relationship, whereby the architectural design is a combination of cultural divergence and technological convergence, with new tools constantly contributing to expanding the ways in which we think and we approach design.

Principal Design:
Installation Team:
Exhibition Design:

Levent Ozruh, Sara Martínez Zamora
Timefold Studio
Lloyd Lee
Ataman Kizilirmak

3D Printer:

Quartz sand (SH – F01)
"S-Max" by ExOne 
Material Matters (London Design Festival) - 09/2022
Formnext (Frankfurt) - 11/2022

Levent Ozruh

Levent Ozruh

Trained as an architectural designer in the United Kingdom, Levent Ozruh was educated at University of Edinburgh and UCL’s Bartlett School of Architecture. He has worked as an architectural designer in Austria, Italy, UK.


Prior to his masters at the Bartlett, he was an researcher at MIT under the Senseable City Lab.Currently, Levent is a Teaching Fellow at the Bartlett, co-leading a postgraduate design studio that focuses on the intersection of Bio-Spatial Design and Aritificial Intelligence. Levent’s work oscillates between small scale physical fabrications to speculative digital imagery of architecture.

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